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TRIPS [ trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights ]

News about the TRIPS Council and intellectual property in the WTO, prepared for non-specialists.

> Follow specific TRIPS issues. e.g: TRIPS and health; geographical indications; protection for plants and animals, traditional knowledge and biodiversity; etc. See below .

Intellectual property rights and the TRIPS Agreement back to top

What are intellectual property rights?

Intellectual property rights are the rights given to people over the creations of their minds.

Basic introduction to the WTO’s intellectual property (TRIPS) agreement

From “Understanding the WTO”, an introduction to the WTO, written for non-specialists.

Economics of intellectual property — primers

A series of informal guides to support technical assistance on economic concepts and analysis for policy issues related to intellectual property and trade

(1) Relevant concepts (pdf). (2) (Coming soon)

A more detailed overview of the TRIPS Agreement

Find decisions of WTO bodies concerning the TRIPS Agreement in the Analytical Index — Guide to WTO Law and Practice



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10 Things Not to Do on a Cruise


Bourbon Country and Louisville

With the country's largest fireworks display in April, the Kentucky Derby in May, and the accompanying mild and sunny weather, there's no better time for a trip to Kentucky.



    The Florida Panhandle

    The Silk Road

    Sri Lanka

    New York City


    One of the few places you can go to see icebergs, visitors can view the 10,000-year-old giant chunks of ice from shore or by boat when they arrive in late spring.



    As the 2015 European Capital of Culture, this city in the Czech Republic will host more than 600 events throughout the year highlighting its theater, concert, and art scenes.



    Buy a ticket to see LeBron strut his stuff with the Cavaliers or visit the new wing at The Cleveland Museum of Art. You can't go wrong in this Rust Belt-chic town.


    Hudson Valley and The Catskills

    The Catskills aren't just for skiing. For an affordable city escape, explore the Harriman and Bear Mountain State Parks, world-class cuisine, and hipster charm of northern NY.





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    Find the best deals online for plane tickets, hotel rooms, vacation packages and car rentals, domestic or abroad.

    Feeling too pinched by the ever-troubled economy to travel? You can still find good deals to get away — if you know where to go online first. Here are the best travel sites we've found to help you bag the best bargains on airfares, lodging, car rentals and all your other travel needs. Note: All but one of the following sites are free to use.

    Best Travel Sites For: Lodging | Vacation Packages | Rental Cars | Other Resources

    1) scours hundreds of online sources for the cheapest fare available. The more flexible you are on time and destination, the better your chances of finding a great deal. Search for dates up to three days before and after your ideal travel dates or on any weekends in the next year. And with the site's Explore tool, you can scan a world map for all the places you can reach within a specified per-ticket price range. It also lets you specify your preferred flight time, vacation activities (beach, gamble, golf or ski?) and weather (based on temperatures).

    Kayak can also help you bite the bullet and buy your ticket, or not, with its "price predictor," which forecasts whether fares will go up or down. Enter your desired itinerary and the site will return a list of flight options, along with a recommendation to either buy now or wait for a fare drop. But the tool is not omniscient. Predictions appear with confidence rates and are limited to certain cities, round-trip, coach flights and specific time frames depending on your departure and arrival cities.

    2) AirfareWatchdog works best for travelers ready to take off at the drop of a deal. The site has actual people lurking on airline Web sites in anticipation of fare sales. They sign up for rewards programs to snag promotional codes and discount offers that can be passed on to AirfareWatchdog users. Plus, the site includes fares from Southwest, Allegiant and other small airlines that may not appear on bigger search sites such as Kayak.

    (Also, in November 2014, the site added a new service, Hotelwatchdog, which fetches hotel listings that offer great values, meaning they have prices lower than similar nearby hotels, good locations and favorable TripAdvisor reviews.)


    3) will help you build an inexpensive, overseas flight plan by using local, budget airlines — a great way to save on international travel. Select your overseas starting point, end point or both, and the site will list airlines you've probably never heard of that service each route. For example, if you search for flights from Bangkok to Beijing, you'll get options from China Eastern and Hainan Airlines.

    4) Several major airlines, such as American, AirTran and Jetblue, will refund you the difference, usually in the form of travel credits or vouchers, if the fare falls below what you paid for your ticket. Enter your flight information at and the site tracks the fares for you. If the price dips below the threshold your specify, Yapta will shoot you an e-mail or Tweet and walk you through how to collect your refund.


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